Von Otto Neuberger
When in 1648 the 30 year war finally
found its end, the formerly flourishing
They even went
one step further. To make it easier to get people and money into the country,
it was allowed, that Jews moved to the Palatinate and
interesting, to find out, where the German Jews in
So the Jewish population of Mannheim obviously originates from the upper Rhine valley area, and it seems to be clear, that they can be related to the old communities Worms, Speyer, Mainz etc. which already existed in Roman times, and were important at the times of the Salians and the Hohenstaufens, and who often helped those emperors financially. In the pestilence year 1349 and the following years they were driven out of the cities and spread over the countryside around. – In the following times they were often chased around, sometimes being driven out here and tolerated there. Due to the wide political diversity they always found a place to live in South West Germany, which they felt to be their home country. – Immigration from eastern countries, as it occurs nowadays, was not observed at those times.
Looking at the composition of the Mannheim Jewish community it seems to be noteworthy, that suddenly, in the midst of the 18th century, the name Nauen appears here, and not at all in a rabbi family.
Salomon Abraham Nauen was married in
Nauen married according to old family notes – I could not find a further
confirmation – Karoline (Kele) Gundersheim. So he became the offspring of the
Nauen is called an upright and honest man in the inscription. He died in
There exists a
But I could not
find out whether there is a connection between Dina Aron and the
The members of
At those times, not too far back at all, when Mannheim was not a large town jet, and it was more the personal reputation than the political membership, on which the choice for the town council was based, three members of the Nauen family sat in the council at the same time (1865 Abraham Nauen sen., Abraham Nauen jun. and Albert Nauen). This is a clear token for the reputation of the name Nauen.
Only once in the revolution year 1848 a member of the Nauen family was active in politics. It was the 22 year old Jakob Nauen, who in the enthusiasm of the youth joined the Hecker movement. We will have to talk about it at another place. He as well was a highly esteemed citizen of his home town.
Israelite community of
I want to point
out, that the Nauens, in their affection to the theatre, proved to be real “
above, Salomon Abraham Nauen was accepted in
As far as could
be found out, he had two children, a daughter Fanny (Fradche), married to Herz
Abraham Salomon, married to Lea Gundersheim (176? to 1819), became principal of the Israelite Community. His effective activities and his reputation were recorded in the above named “Memorbuch” on occasion of his death in 1802.
He had six children:
Nauen (1783 ‑ 1859), married to Sophie Dinkelspiel,
Nauen (1784 – 1833), married to Fanny Bühl from
Nauen (1787 – 1859), married to Helene Nathan from
4. Haium Abraham Nauen (1789 – 1819), unmarried;
Fanny Nauen (1791 – 1820), first wife of her cousin Heinrich Haas in
6. Julius Abraham Nauen (1794 – 1869), married to Henriette Höber, Mannheim (1812 ‑ 1859).
Unfortunately it is no more possible today, to tell more details about the different persons, as the generation, which would be able to remember something, has died away. But probably there would only be rather few items worth reporting. Here a short description of what I have found out.
Moses Abraham (1783 – 1859), the eldest son, joined the ironmongery of his father in law Wolf Löb Dinkelspiel, and finally led it. The business house still exists under the name of Abraham’s son as “A. Nauen sen.”. Still today the family speaks about his happy life in marriage reaching the golden anniversary, his devoutness and the mother wit of his wife. They had five children about whom I will tell later on.
Marx Abraham (1784 – 1833), owner of a wine shop and very rich by the fortune of his wife Fanny Brühl, was a great benefactor to the poor. He did not give only one tenth of his income, as prescribed by religion, but did much more. His wife, surviving him for many years, was a passionate theatre visitor. Four children came from their marriage. (See later.)
Isaak Abraham (1787 – 1859) married Helene Nathan
(1794 – 1869), established the firm “J. A. Nauen” in
Julius Nauen died in 1869. He was known as a capable, modern thinking merchant, whose advice was highly accepted.
Descendants of Moses Abraham Nauen (1783 – 1859):
Moses Abraham Nauen and Sophie Dinkelspiel had five children:
Fanny Nauen (1804 – 1875), was the second wife of Heinrich Haas, owner of a cloth and modes shop in
Adelheid Nauen (1807 ‑ ?), in 1833 married to Dr. Wolfgang Sinzheimer, medical doctor at Weinheim,
3. Abraham Nauen (Senior) (1809 – 1876), married to his Cousin Henriette Nauen (1811 – 1897), (more later on);
Laura Nauen (1811 – 1887), in 1833 married to David Feist Levinger, dealing with textiles in
Abraham Nauen (1809 – 1876), called “Senior” to distinguish him from his younger cousin with the same name, carried on his father’s ironmongery, but under his own name. He held several honorary offices in the Israelite community. He was called “Eisen (iron)-Nauen” and was widely beloved because of his upright character. For several years he belonged to the citizen’s council. From his marriage with his cousin Henriette he had two daughters and two sons:
Pauline Nauen (1837 – 1909), married to Moritz Noether,
dealing with iron at Bruchsal, (no descendents in
Cäcilie Nauen (1838 – 1905), married to Leopold Odenheimer,
dealing with hop in
3. Wilhelm Nauen, born 1843, married to Emma Maier from Mettenheim;
Wilhelm und Heinrich
Nauen carried on the business of their father. Wilhelm left it in 1905, to give
room for his nephews, for whom he was available with his advice for another two
years. Wilhelm, the still living 80year old representative of the name, was
deeply engaged in humanitarian matters. Over 40 years he was principal of the
Israelite hospital. In addition he was member of the council of the German
“Schulverein” (club for educational matters) and as well trustee for the
voluntary fire brigade. He assisted his brother as vice consul for
Heinrich Nauen, (1844 – 1909), co owner of the firm
A. Nauen Sen., consul of Spain, decorated with high orders, assistant of the
commander of the voluntary fire brigade, member of the council of the
synagogue, was highly respected in the Mannheim citizenship. His two sons, both
Moritz Nauen, born 1875, following his father as consul of
Descendants of Marx Abraham Nauen (1784 – 1833).
The children of Marx Nauen and his wife Fanny née Bühl are:
1. Caroline Nauen (1809 – 1886) was married to Max Mayer from the well known family of the former palatinate court assistants (Hoffaktoren??), owning a tobacco business.
2. Henriette Nauen (1811 – 1897), married to her cousin Abraham Nauen senior (1809 – 1876) (see above);
Abraham Nauen (junior) (1814 – 1869), married to Jeanette Darmstädter,
Abraham Nauen, junior (1814 – 1878); he called
himself junior as a distinction from his cousin with the same name. He was an
upright and respected man, known as “Wein-(wine) Nauen” among the citizenship.
He ran his wine shop “Mayer & Nauen” together with Julius Lehmann Mayer, the
brother of Max Mayer, mentioned above. He was a member of the city council and
held in addition several honorary offices. So he was among others Trustee of
the synagogue and member of the committee of the Israelite community. There
were no children from his marriage with Jeanette Darmstädter from the well
Descendants of Julius Abraham Nauen (1794 – 1869).
Julius Abraham Nauen and Henriette Höber had six sons and one daughter:
Albert Nauen (1824 – 1891), married to Julie Hirschhorn,
2. Jacob Nauen (1826 – 1894), married to Clara Pflaum from München (1834 – 1908);
Carl Nauen (1829 ‑ ?), married in
Eduard Nauen (1836 – 1904), married in
Rudolf Nauen (1836 – 1895), married to I. Johanna Creizenach
6. Ludwig Nauen (1839 – 1860), died unmarried;
numerous descendants of the sons of Julius Abraham Nauen. To get a better clearness
I will deal with Albert, Jacob, Carl, Eduard and Rudolf Nauen together with
their children and grandchildren. – Many members of this part of the family
Albert Nauen (1824 – 1891), the eldest son of
Julius Abraham became joint owner of the coffee firm J. A. Nauen. He was highly
Their children are:
Helene (1852 – 1875), married to Adolf Süßer,
in the firm: Nöther & Bonné, laces and tulle,
2. Friedrich (1854 – 1869);
Marie (born 1856), lives as widow in
4. Ernst (born 1859), lives in Triest as joint owner of the firm J. A. Nauen, Triest. He is married to Rosa Neumann in Triest;
Ludwig (1868 – 1909), was an agent in
[The children are: Albert Georg Ludwig, born 1895, Maria Louise, born 1897, married to the lawyer Ulrich Katz,
Jacob Nauen (1826 – 1894), the second son of
Julius Abraham Nauen attended the lyceum in
The years of
exile gave Jacob Nauen the chance, to widen his view as a merchant enormously.
He made fully use of it. Back in
In addition to the activity in his own firm, which lead him to Triest for several weeks every year, in mercantile foresight and as one of the leading persons he joined an enterprise very important for the development of Mannheim. In 1865 they founded the “Mannheimer Lagerhaus-Gesellschaft” (storage company), in the beginning only dealing with petroleum. In 1872 they extended it to the new Mannheim storage company, “which was founded to provide Mannheim with storage facilities, which correspond to the importance and size of commerce in Mannheim, and give the possibility, to issue storage bonds (Lagerscheine ‑ Warrants)”. – In the beginning Jacob Nauen was vice chairman of the council of the enterprise, consisting of Julius Bassermann, L. August Baum, Josef Böhm (the elder), Otto Glöcklen, Rudolf Haas, Louis Hirsch, Carl Jäger, Alexander Neustadt, Adam Röder, Hermann Ruoff, and Rudolf Trautmann; then from the fourth of April 1882 until his death he held the chair. – His energetic input helped to develop the enterprise to the now well known importance.
The first initiatives for another industrial enterprise came from Jacob Nauen as well, the chemical factory Rheinau. But it was not successful in the long run, applying the Le Blanc method to produce soda, it was surpassed soon by the newer Solvey method, so that the factory could not be held despite all endeavours. But it should be acknowledged that Jacob Nauen showed an ingenious foresight for the advantages of the area, where the factory was placed, and where today, after building the Rheinau harbour, an important centre for merchandise and industry has developed. Trustees of the enterprise were Max Dinkelspiel, Rudolf Haas, Wilhelm Köster, Wilhelm Kupfer, and Jacob Nauen.
Besides his commercial activities Jacob Nauen, as well as his musically gifted wife Clara, née Pflaum, showed great interest for arts and science. Already from his father’s times he belonged to the circle of the well known violinist Jean Becker, in whose house he and his wife found the possibility to become acquainted with classical chamber music.
Jacob Nauen was a man with an excellent character, showing friendly gentleness, and high wisdom. Without tending for great publicity this modest, noble thinking man was highly esteemed by the public.
Jacob Nauen had three sons. They are:
Otto Nauen (born 1857), Dr. phil. chemist and manufacturer in Augsburg, married to
Luise Jordan from Mannheim;
[Their children are: Fritz, born 1893, Dipl.-Ing. and chemist in Augsburg; Martha, born 1896.];
2. Richard Nauen (born 1860), married to Marie Michaelis from Worms, lives as joint owner of the firm J. A. Nauen in Triest, no children;
Viktor Nauen (born 1871), Dr. jur. lawyer in Mannheim, married to Mina Goldschmidt, Mannheim.
[Their children are: Franz, born 1900, died 1917, Hans, born 1907.];
Carl Nauen (1829 ‑ ?), Julius Abraham’s third son, moved to London rather early, where he ran a coffee business together with his brother Eduard. Married to Sara Ezechiels from Rotterdam, they had two sons:
2. Edwin (1865 – 1903) died unmarried.
Eduard Nauen (1833 – 1904), Julius Abraham’s fourth son, moved to London rather early as well. The following children were born from his marriage with Rebecca Baumann, London:
1. Henriette Luise (born 1866), unmarried, London;
Frank (born 1868), director of a bank house, married to Francis Margaret Adams, Stafford, lives in Paris,
[Their children are: Margaret, born 1907 and John Eduard Adams, born 1916.];
3. Herbert (born 1872), merchant in London.
Rudolf Nauen (1836 – 1895), the last son of Julius Abraham, whom I still have to tell about, lived in Le Havre until the war 1870. Back in Mannheim he ran a cigar factory under the name: Nauen & Peter, later on Nauen & Panther.
The children from his first marriage to Johanna Creizenach from Mainz are:
From the second marriage to Karoline Schwab, Stuttgart were born:
5. Walter (born 1888), merchant in Mannheim, married to Anna Kraft in Mannheim.
Hereby the description of the most numerous part of the family, the descendents of Julius Abraham Nauen has been finished, and I can close my article.
By the strong
emigration of members of the family, the family Nauen is now much less numerous
in Mannheim than in former times.
Since the immigration of Salomon Abraham Nauen to Mannheim in 1744 180 years have elapsed, and the male branch of the family has reached its sixth generation in Mannheim.
[A family with the name Nauen, which has moved from Mainz to Mannheim only shortly, and which has only adopted the name, has no familiar relationship to the family I have described.]